We call the architectural model of a garden the partial representation of a landscape architectural model to a higher level: 1: 500, 1: 200, and 1: 100 and in special cases 1:50. These architectural models are used when it is necessary to design the free areas of a neighbourhood, a small urbanization or urbanized spaces. Consequently, pedestrian streets, playgrounds, sports fields, camping areas, open-air swimming pools, cemeteries, botanical and zoological gardens, open-air theatres, parks, historic gardens, terraces, inner courtyards and city centres. In these architectural models small constructive elements such as monuments, panoramic towers, etc. can be seen. The most important aspect is to model and design the land, vegetation, streets and city centres. In addition, elements must be incorporated to facilitate the understanding of the built architectural model such as people, cars, lanterns, urban furniture, etc. In some projects, the building architectural models are related to the models of a garden. In this case, the elements of both scale models must be similar in order to be integrated into a single architectural model.
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The Concept Scale architectural model
At the basis of a detailed architectural model of a land, but still modifiable, one can notice the simple modelling of the soil, the roads and the shape of the space. Special relationships, possible privileged or dominant views are assessed. The most significant elements, such as monuments, wells, towers, or groves, come into relationship with each other, representing them with malleable materials or any found object. The already existing construction is also embedded in the architectural model. For the actual appearance of the place and in addition to the sketches, the topographic and photographic plans are required.
The Working Scale architectural model
Accurate data and representation of the type of vegetation, distinction between traffic areas and green areas, detailed representation of the building and the environment to which it belongs, this architectural model must allow modifications to edifices and building elements so that the places of such monuments can be changed. Also, the places where the new vegetation is to be placed can still be chosen. The working architectural model should also analyse the types of materials, their colour and texture in order to build the execution architectural model.
The Execution Scale architectural model
It requires the accurate reproduction of vegetation, the way each surface is used and the types of materials used, as well as its influence in the configuration of the garden space, using the most suitable materials. It requires also the detailed representation of buildings, their relationship to the environment and land delineation. The execution architectural model should not be modifiable as it is the end result of the project.
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