Depending on the solution provided on a particular theme, the scale of a model of an edifice is generally 1: 500 or 1: 200 scale, so that it can be embedded in another basic layout, either urbanistic or topographical. At the level of 1: 200, the focus can be done on the formal details of the edifice. When modelling occurs at a higher level (even 1:50), they are limited to representing the edifice without the environment. In this model there are presented the most significant elements of the facade and the roof, the graphic configuration of the building, the connection of the ground and the surrounding structure. The facades or, at least part of them, can be transparent so that the interior spaces can be seen. The facades or roofs can be constructed in such a way that they can be extracted to show the organization of the interior space. Also, the model can be built on floors so that they can be better visualized.
The Bank of Transylvania Headquarters in Cluj -© BLUEPRINT ARCHITECTURE
The Concept Scale Model
It demonstrates, through simple and very easy means of shaping, the plastic and spatial effect through the contrasts of shape, size, colour, orientation and texture. The fundamental characteristic is the spontaneity of its realization and the ease of its composition change.
The Working Scale Model
Here we can analyse the plastic and space relations of the project, of course, without significant details being definitive. The same thing is relevant for the constructive and functional aspects that need to be more precisely solved with the working model. Here we can develop and verify the relationship with existing construction and the surrounding area. Sequence and shape of each space get clearer; the inner and outer closures are optimized in the model by studying different variants. While the global form is questionable in the concept model, we now focus on the concrete shape of the facades and roofs: openings, consoles, exits, rhythm. By choosing the right materials and working with care, the working model can be used as an execution model.
The Execution Scale Model
This model presents the final project. Typically, it is built for presentation purposes: for contests, school themes and decisive meetings of various public or private institutions. In addition to an accurate reproduction of the topographical topography of the closest environment or the building, it presents the context of urbanization and some elements that support the level used, such as urban furniture, cars and people.